For many users of caravans and motorhomes winter is a time of lethargy and implementation of other passions. Most motorhomes and caravans spends the cold months under carports or in the garage.
Fortunately - some enthusiasts decide to embark on an interesting journey even in winter. But one must remember about the significant differences in winter driving technique, because without them, even a mild curve may be the last.
Before we go on the road, in addition to learning the driving technique, we should take care of the equipment. I believe there is no need to make anyone aware of the necessity of using of winter tires, in both a caravan and the motorhome. The pressure recommended by the manufacturer of the tire also determines the appropriate and predictable behavior of the whole set on the road. Efficient braking and suspension will help us only when safe driving.
Secondly: liquidity and prediction
We all remember that heavy motorhome, as well as a car with a caravan even at ideal conditions is driven in a different way to a regular vehicle. The arrival of winter weather only multiplies the initial differences.
To reach your destination without any adventures, we must first of all keep the fluidity of movement - planning of any decision well in advance. Otherwise, you can easily lose control of the vehicle.
Let's go slowly, trying not to break the grip - boxing tires only slipper out the surface beneath them, effectively making it difficult to start. Another source of trouble with the appropriate traction is uneven weight distribution and the length of the entire set of car + caravan. Relieving of the frontal drive axle of a caravan can makes itself felt on steep climbs and corners. In the case of the first obstacle one can’t do without a reasonable pace. When beating any turn, we must bear in mind our own weight, the lateral surface and the shaping of the road.
When towing a caravan, we must closely watch for traffic impediments, because crossing of them may prove troublesome. Taking the appropriate run-up, we should pay attention to the traffic, and therefore - the possibility of a possible emergency braking. Otherwise, if we will stop in the course of driving up, there is a risk rolling off, and even slipping of the set - which will surely end in damages.
Thirdly: brake and overtake reasonably
Even perfect technical condition and brand tires make little difference in critical situations on the winter road. Curb weight will cause a drastical extention of the braking distance, and worse - increasing the risk of slipping during overtaking. Braking, regardless of the situation, should be seamless, with maximum concern to preserve adhesion - this also applies to users of vehicles equipped with driver assistance systems.
Similar principles should be used when overtaking another vehicle. Adequate space is of course a key condition for the safe completion of the maneuver. In winter additionally, we have the already mentioned liquidity. Each jerk of the steering wheel, aggressive addition of gas, or a strong side wind can instantly cause slippage, which we will not be able to deal with.
Traveling in winter drivers priorities should be slightly different than in the summer conditions. No time, the economy and the pace of driving, but safety should come first.