In the oldest spa in Europe there’re three spring. The biggest one was sacred, and it was forbidden to swim in it, nonetheless people thrown complaints and requests to gods into their waters. Today, Bath tempts not only with hot springs, but also with a beautiful bridge, delicious buns and regional wine.
Bath, located in eastern England, is a city that is visited by approx. 3.8 million people each year. It was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, it’s also one of the places of the UK National Heritage, which is due to fact that it houses some of the most beautiful architectural gems on Europe.
It lies approx. 160 km west of London, and the fastest way to get there is from Bristol. Prices for buses in both directions oscillate around 5,5 pounds.
Thermal baths in Bath
Bath is famous for its ancient thermal baths, dating almost 2000 years back. Today it’s no longer possible to use them, but in the past they were the center of social life of the whole empire. They were already appreciated by the Romans, who built the city of Aquae Sulis along with a temple and baths in the valley of River Avon. The baths were already used in the Middle Ages. Nowadays, the traditions of the oldest spa in Europe are continued by Thermae Bath Spa, opened in 2006. The water is supplied from really great depths, so people who are using it can enjoy the same hot springs rich in minerals as the Romans and Celts.
But the city has a lot more to offer. The famous trace of the past is also Pulteney - arched stone bridge that hasshops built across its full span on both sides. It’s one of only for bridges of this kind in the world.
Treasures of sacred architecture of Bath
Another place that makes Bath famous is one of the most sacred temples of Europe, the Anglican Church of the abbey of St. Peter and Paul. The building towering over the city has a width of 24 meters and length of 69 meters. You can admire amazing tinted glass windows decorating the structure. There’s also a monumental and breathtaking Gothic dome reaching the height of 23 meters.
Another priceless monuments are two historic complexes of buildings. The first is the Royal Circus, modeled on the Coliseum. It’s formed from a circle composed of connected residential houses. In the past, within the circle there was a beautiful garden. The second complex is the Royal Crescent, built on the plan of the crescent. It’s composed of 30 terraced structures built in the Georgian style. Both complexes seen from a bird's eye make up the key that is the symbol of Freemasonry.
The mother of all English gardens of the world
Nature lovers shouldn’t miss the chance to getting acquaint with the pattern of all English gardens of the world. In Bath you can also find Prior Park Landscape Garden, designed by the poet Alexander Pope. It extends over an area of approx. 11 hectares, and among the romantic scenery of greenery there’s Palladian bridge and ancient and neo-Gothic temples. The whole is complemented by four picturesque lakes.
The oldest building in Bath houses a charming bakery Sally Lunn's, where delicious French bread rolls are baked. They’re prepared according to the recipe derived from the seventeenth century. Apart from the cafe, where you can eat yeast rolls, there is also a kitchen museum.
Taste of eastern England
Bath will appeal to connoisseurs, not only because of the rolls. At the local bazaars you can buy regional wines, sold by local farmers. Those willing to can also purchase vegetables and fruits grown on natural fertilizers, as well as traditionally manufactured cheeses.
In the past, the city was famous for the commerce. Tourists, who want to stock up on clothes in vintage style, should certainly visit the Upper Town, while those who prefer search through the stores of popular brands, sooner or later will find themselves in Stall Street.
Since we are in Bath, it’s best to finish the sightseeing with a visit in the SPA. In water, which temperature varies in the range of 45-55 ° C, you can easily forget about the drudgery of everyday life and soak your skin in a cloud of steam. Just how the Celts did 2000 years ago.